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Grænsekonflikten Belarus-Polen-Litauen, artikelliste 18.8.21-16.11.21

Se også flg essays
https://www.hearsaybook.net/kaosknappen-drejet-paa-eller-uerklaeret-krig-mod-eu/

https://www.hearsaybook.net/rejseselskab-til-europa/

Belarus is a signatory to the 1951 Refugee Convention on 23 August 2001.
So is Russia 2 February 1993.  — S Sm, Canada  Nov. 13

 

  1. august 2021

“President Lukashenko is using refugees, for example from Iraq, in a hybrid way to undermine security, and, of course, we condemn this in the strongest possible terms,” Merkel said at a news conference with [Lithuanian president] Kallas.

Kallas echoed Merkel’s comments, saying the Belarusian dictator was using refugees as a weapon against the EU.

https://www.lrt.lt/en/news-in-english/19/1471112/germany-s-merkel-slams-belarus-for-sending-migrants-to-baltics

 

  1. august 2021

Belarus stages mock testimonies of migrant beatings in Lithuania

https://www.lrt.lt/en/news-in-english/19/1471804/belarus-stages-mock-testimonies-of-migrant-beatings-in-lithuania-video

 

  1. august 2021

“Baltic, Polish PMs condemn ‘hybrid attack’ by Belarus” by LRT English

https://www.lrt.lt/en/news-in-english/19/1473971/baltic-polish-pms-condemn-hybrid-attack-by-belarus

 

  1. september 2021

Danmark tilbyder pigtrådshegn til Litauen

15 kilometer pigtråd skal hjælpe med til at holde migranter og flygtninge fra Hviderusland ude.

https://piopio.dk/danmark-tilbyder-pigtraadshegn-til-litauen

 

  1. september 2021

Flygtninge sulter og dør – nu har regeringen sendt pigtrådshegn, der lemlæster og koster liv til Europas ydre grænse for at holde dem ude

https://www.berlingske.dk/politik/flygtninge-sulter-og-doer-nu-har-regeringen-sendt-pigtraadshegn-der

 

  1. oktober 2021

“Hvad synes du om, at Hviderusland bruger migranter i en slags hybridkrig?”, spørger den danske journalist en irakisk migrant, der har betalt $30.000 for passage til midlertidig flygtningelejr i Litauen

Polen har erklæret nødretstilstand i flere grænseområder og journalister er nu forbudt adgang til disse områder

https://www.dr.dk/drtv/se/horisont_-diktatorens-hemmelige-vaaben_277417 19.40.5

 

  1. oktober 2021

Den hviderussiske hær åbner deres grænser for at chikanere EU, siger menneskesmugler, der har dét fra alle de mennesker, han har sendt over

https://www.dr.dk/nyheder/udland/menneskesmuglere-har-fundet-en-ny-vej-til-eu

 

  1. oktober 2021

A sudden drop in the number of migrants attempting to enter Lithuania from Belarus is worrying, Rustamas Liubajevas, the commander of the Lithuanian State Border Guard Service (VSAT), said on Friday. “I would be very much willing to believe that it is a natural process, that the situation at the border is truly stable,” Liubajevas told BNS on Friday. “However, such a situation where those flows drop to just one person in one day cannot but worry any professional. We do not have any special data available but it’s not yet time to relax, we must continue monitoring the situation. We must be ready for any kind of event,” he added.

https://www.lrt.lt/en/news-in-english/19/1516546/sudden-drop-in-migrant-numbers-worrying-says-lithuanian-border-chief

 

  1. oktober 2021

There is currently no plan to introduce martial law at the border. “We are dealing with hybrid activities” – said the government spokesman. He pointed out that the attempts of crossing the border are made not by Belarusian officials, but by migrants who are instructed by them.

at 14:09 “We want to cooperate with Russia, with Belarus, but we want to cooperate not with a gun to the head, but with countries that are democratic and countries that do not use political blackmail at the same time”- emphasised Prime Minister Morawiecki.

at 14:12 “From a distance, these events on the Polish-Belarusian border may look like a migration crisis, but this is not a migration crisis, it is a political crisis triggered with the special purpose of destabilising the situation in the EU,” added the Prime Minister.

hybrid attack (08.17 og13:50 by Lukasjenka regime on EU and Poland), dealing with hybrid activities (8:53 we are), waging hybrid warfare (9:35, using human shields), unacceptable hybrid tactics (10:23), hybrid action carried out by Belarus against Poland and EU (10:57 og 13:11), hybrid attacks by several thousand migrants on the Polish border, og Such a massive hybrid attack on the Polish border has not yet been launched by the Belarusian side (5:10 PM), the hybrid attack on the border (21:10, Russia and Belarus aided by Turkey in organising the transfer of migrants to Minsk)

https://www-radio-bialystok-pl.translate.goog/relacja-na-zywo/index/id/13-Kryzys-na-granicy-polska-bialorus-kuznica-imigranci-obozowisko?_x_tr_sl=auto&_x_tr_tl=en&_x_tr_hl=da&_x_tr_pto=nui

 

  1. oktober 2021

On Tuesday, Belarusian officers armed with shields and riot gear forcibly pushed a group of 35 irregular migrants into Lithuania and then entered the country’s territory, according to a press release by the Interior Ministry.

https://www.lrt.lt/en/news-in-english/19/1471030/belarusian-officers-enter-lithuanian-territory-push-migrants-over-the-border

 

Tesfaye: Derfor er mure og pigtråd rundt om Europa nødvendigt

Regeringen støtter fuldt op om, at lande beskytter deres grænser med mure og pigtråd. Men grænsebevogtningen skal ledsages af massiv nødhjælp til konflikt- og nærområder og en grundlæggende retænkning af asylsystemet, hvor sagerne skal behandles uden for EU, skriver Mattias Tesfaye (S).

Det er helt rimeligt, at et land siger, at man ikke kan spadsere ind over grænserne uden kontrol. Regeringen støtter fuldt op om, at lande beskytter deres grænser. Det er også i Danmarks interesse. Den ydre grænse er også Danmarks grænse.

https://www.altinget.dk/artikel/tesfaye-mure-og-pigtraad-kan-ikke-staa-alene-men-er-en-del-af-svaret-for-undgaa-en-gentagelse-af-2015

 

33 km pigtrådshegn af typen concertina blev i hemmelighed købt i 2015 af den daværende danske regering til at etablere en grænse-barriere mod Tyskland, hvis flygtningekrisen eskalerede. Typen af pigtråd er hårdt udskældt for at koste menneskeliv, og Danmark har nu solgt 15 km hegn til Litauen, efter det har været opbevaret i Skrydstrup.

“Barbertråd er skåret i galvaniseret stål, og modsat pigtråd, som er designet til at hindre bevægelse, er concertina designet til at lemlæste”, skrev The Guardian sidste år.

I sidste måned orienterede udlændinge- og integrationsminister Mattias Tesfaye Europaudvalget i Folketinget om salget af hegnet til Litauen med, at landet i den seneste tid har oplevet “usædvanlig og massiv tilstrømning af irregulære migranter fra særligt Irak men også det øvrige Mellemøsten, Afrika og Sydasien ved landets grænse til Belarus”.

Mattias Tesfaye forsvarer i Berlingske brugen af hegnet. “Regeringen støtter fuldt op om, at lande beskytter deres grænser. Det er derfor, at vi har sagt ja til at sælge pigtrådshegn til Litauen, da de rettede henvendelse til os. Det er også i Danmarks interesse. De ydre grænser er også Danmarks grænse. Men selvfølgelig skal alle menneskerettigheder overholdes. Ligesom der skal være mulighed for at søge asyl, siger han til avisen. Forsvarsministeriet skriver i en e-mail til JydskeVestkysten, at Litauen tidligere på året anmodede Danmark om konkret støtte i form af blandt andet netop concertina-pigtråd.
https://avisendanmark.dk/artikel/danmark-indk%C3%B8bte-i-hemmelighed-udsk%C3%A6ldt-pigtr%C3%A5d-til-at-holde-flygtninge-ude-af-landet-dr%C3%A6berhegn-opbevares-i-skrydstrup

 

  1. oktober 2021

Belarus moving migrants stuck at Polish border to Lithuania, officials say

https://www.lrt.lt/en/news-in-english/19/1524808/belarus-moving-migrants-stuck-at-polish-border-to-lithuania-officials-say

 

  1. oktober 2021

Lithuanian media not allowed to record pushbacks ‘for security, tactical reasons

“Our officers perform actions that are of great importance in terms of our tactics, and we would certainly not want that information to be very easily accessible to Belarus’ special services,” Rustamas Liubajevas, the commander of the Lithuanian State Border Guard Service (VSAT), said on Wednesday.

https://www.lrt.lt/en/news-in-english/19/1525175/lithuanian-media-not-allowed-to-record-pushbacks-for-security-tactical-reasons

 

  1. oktober 2021

Lithuania wants joint EU declaration on ‘migration issue’

“We want a very clear text on the migration issue, for the problem to be clearly identified, that it’s not just plain migration, peaceful humanitarian migration, but it’s a piece of leverage in the hands of a dictator who is using it for a hybrid attack against EU states,” president Gitanas Nauseda told reporters in Brussels ahead of the European Council meeting.

https://www.lrt.lt/en/news-in-english/19/1526098/lithuania-wants-joint-eu-declaration-on-migration-issue-president

 

Austria floats idea of ‘border wall’ in Lithuania

https://www.lrt.lt/en/news-in-english/19/1526544/austria-floats-idea-of-border-wall-in-lithuania-politico

 

  1. oktober 2021

Lithuania will still seek EU funding for border wall

Lithuanian Minister Bilotaitė says that “there’s agreement” with Brussels about changing the bloc’s migration policy.

Last week, European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen told EU leaders that Brussels would not fund border walls.

“I believe we need to work in this direction. We have to prove and offer arguments why it is important. Despite the absence of decisions right now, we have already made our own decisions, and we will have a physical barrier, it is being constructed, and work is underway,” the minister told BNS on Monday.

She added that she had personally inspected the construction. “It shows that we will have this barrier over the next year,”

https://www.lrt.lt/en/news-in-english/19/1528214/lithuania-will-still-seek-eu-funding-for-border-wall-minister

 

  1. oktober 2021

Lithuanian president says EU’s refusals to fund border wall are just ‘statements’

Last Friday, EU leaders condemned Belarus for “hybrid attacks” by instrumentalising migrants for political purposes and warned that the bloc would take “further restrictive measures” against legal and natural persons “as a matter of urgency”.

Von der Leyen said, however, that there was a long-standing position “that there will be no funding of barbed wire and walls”.

. https://www.lrt.lt/en/news-in-english/19/1530502/lithuanian-president-says-eu-s-refusals-to-fund-border-wall-are-just-statements

 

  1. oktober 2021

Lukashenko gets ‘double bonus’ when Lithuania and Poland violate migrant rights, say MEPs

https://www.lrt.lt/en/news-in-english/19/1531620/lukashenko-gets-double-bonus-when-lithuania-and-poland-violate-migrant-rights-say-meps

 

  1. november 2021

Tenth migrant found dead on Belarus-Polish border

https://www.infomigrants.net/en/post/36166/tenth-migrant-found-dead-on-belaruspolish-border

 

  1. november 2021

Syriske rejsebureauer sørger for migranters rejse til Minsk, visum, flybillet, bil ved ankomsten, i samarbejde med den hviderussiske ambassade i Damaskus.

Belarus sender ingen migranter til Europa, men ingen vil blive i Belarus, så dem sender jeg videre, siger Lukasjenko. Europa, derimod, smider lig ind over grænsen til Belarus, siger han

Kan EU ikke med det gode stoppe Lukasjenko, følger yderligere restriktioner fra EU, siger EU

https://www.dr.dk/drtv/se/deadline_-migranter-paa-motorvejene-_-igen_282961

 

  1. november 2021

regimet i Hviderusland bruger bevidst migranterne til at presse medlemslandene i en såkaldt ‘hybridkrig’, siger Europa-Kommissionen

https://www.dr.dk/nyheder/udland/hviderusland-mistaenkes-lokke-tusindvis-af-migranter-med-fly-til-europa-nu-vil-eu

 

Protests in Lithuania’s migrant camps ‘coordinated’ with events on Polish border

A pre-trial investigation was launched, suspicions of riot organising have been brought against seven migrants,” Liubajevas said, adding that other participants in the protests have been “isolated”.

https://www.lrt.lt/en/news-in-english/19/1537121/protests-in-lithuania-s-migrant-camps-coordinated-with-events-on-polish-border-vsat-chief

 

The Lithuanian parliament decided on Tuesday to declare a state of emergency in its border region with Belarus. It comes into effect on Wednesday and marks the first time the legal regime has been used in the country since independence.

The state of emergency will come into force on midnight, November 10, and will be in place until December 10 along the border with Belarus stretch and five kilometers inland, as well as in the migrant accommodation facilities in Kybartai, Medininkai, Pabradė, Rukla and Vilnius.

The measures will include restricting the right of irregular migrants accommodated in Lithuania to communicate in writing or by telephone, except to contact the country’s authorities.

Among other things, reinforced controls will remain in place on the Lithuanian side of the border. The movement of vehicles in the five-kilometre area without the permission of the border guards will be restricted. Entry will be banned for civilians, except for local residents as well as those who have real estate in the area. The authorities will also be authorised to stop and search vehicles and people for illegal weapons, ammunition, explosives and other dangerous substances, and detain offenders.

The state of emergency will allow “restrictions on movement along the border, plus five kilometres, restrictions on assembly, restrictions on communication in migrant accommodation centres and, of course, a greater involvement of the Armed Forces”, the minister said. “We believe that this decision is proportional to the situation today,” Bilotaitė added.

https://www.lrt.lt/en/news-in-english/19/1537044/lithuania-declares-state-of-emergency-on-border-with-belarus

 

On the humanitarian front, von der Leyen pledged to “explore with the U.N. and its specialized agencies how to prevent a humanitarian crisis from unfolding and to ensure that migrants can be safely returned to their country of origin, with the support of their national authorities.”

Another tool at the Commission’s disposal to address a possible humanitarian crisis is the EU Civil Protection Mechanism, but assistance through the mechanism would require Warsaw to formally ask for help. A spokesperson for the Commission told reporters on Tuesday that “no such request has been made from the side of the Polish authorities” but that “we stand ready.”

On the ground, the EU can also offer support to Poland through agencies such as Frontex and Europol, if requested.

But Warsaw has repeatedly refused to engage any foreign observers. On Tuesday, Morawiecki said that Frontex wouldn’t be “a real help,” as it only has less than 1,000 troops.

Goyer said that the U.N. had tried to access the border zone, but wasn’t admitted.

Machińska struck a pessimistic note. “We don’t know how this situation will develop. There’s a fear that it’s only going to get worse.”

https://www.politico.eu/article/poland-putin-border-blackmail/

  1. november 2021

Tysklands udenrigsminister, Heiko Maas, anklager den hviderussiske præsident for at bruge folk, der søger tilflugt, som gidsler til sit kyniske magtspil. “Men EU kan ikke afpresses”, siger han

Lukasjenkos angreb på Polens og EUs grænse til Hviderusland med 5000 migranter har sin mastermind i Rusland, siger Polen

Rusland står ikke bag migrantkrisen ved grænsen, siger Rusland.

Europæernes modvilje til at tilkendegive, at de bakker op om deres egne europæiske værdier er skyld i denne forestående humanitære katastrofe, siger Rusland.

https://www.dr.dk/nyheder/udland/polen-har-nu-15000-soldater-til-bevogte-graensen-til-hviderusland

 

“The migration crisis is being used by [Belarus president Alexander] Lukashenko to insert into EU territory people who have [military] experience and who additionally undertook training on Belarusian territory to realise terrorist acts,” Pavel Latushka, Belarus’ former ambassador to France and Poland and former culture minister, told EUobserver.

“Next, Lukashenko will go for a local military conflict on the EU border, and in the meantime he will sell the picture to the world about a humanitarian crisis, the Europeans being to blame,” Latushka, who fled to Warsaw after joining the pro-democracy movement in Belarus, said.

The Afghan and Iraqi veterans were handpicked and flown to Belarus between July and September, he noted. They were trained at a base near the village of Opsa, in north-west Belarus, belonging to Osam, the Special Active Measures Department of Belarus’ State Border Committee, he added. The training was carried out with the help of Belarus special forces from the Marjina Horka brigade, which had fought in Afghanistan in the 1980s, and with advisers from Russia’s GRU military intelligence, Iraqi citizens were trained there [the Osam base], now they are training Afghans from the territory of Tajikistan, who have combat experience. Of course, it’s not dozens of people being trained, it’s units of individuals,” he said.

EU ambassadors will also hold a formal meeting on Wednesday to discuss top-up sanctions. They plan to call Belarus’ actions a form of “hybrid warfare”, creating a legal basis to designate officials, such as Belarus foreign minister Vladimir Makei, responsible for organising migrant flights and visas, Reuters reported.

Meanwhile, Latushka’s mention of Russia’s GRU officers at the Belarus training camp came amid Polish accusations that the Kremlin had masterminded the border crisis. “Lukashenko is the contractor, but he has his principal, who is [Russian] president [Vladimir] Putin,” Polish prime minister Mateusz Morawiecki told the Polish parliament on Tuesday. …

“What’s Russia’s game? Russia’s aiming to destabilise the EU […] they want an instrument of influence and blackmail against Europe,” Polish interior minister Mariusz Kamiński added. But for his part, Russian foreign minister Sergei Lavrov said the EU should pay Belarus to take care of the migrants it has flown in from the Middle East if it wanted respite. “Why, when refugees were coming from Turkey, did the EU provide financing so that they stayed in the Turkish Republic? Why is it not possible to help the Belarusians in the same way?” Lavrov told press in Moscow, referring to an EU-Turkey deal on Syrian refugees worth billions.

https://www.lrt.lt/en/news-in-english/19/1538374/belarus-trained-afghan-and-iraqi-veterans-for-eu-border-attacks-says-regime-insider

 

“We are in close contact, in dialogue with the three countries,” European home affairs commissioner Ylva Johansson told MEPs in the civil liberties committee on Tuesday, November 9. “And for us, in some cases, we are still in assessment, but I think that we will ask for amendments in some of the legislations,” she said.

the comments were made on broader concerns over illegal pushbacks of migrants and prospective asylum seekers back into Belarus.

https://www.lrt.lt/en/news-in-english/19/1538316/eu-mulls-challenging-pushback-laws-in-lithuania-and-poland

 

DRIVING THE DAY — EU VS. BELARUS

Reminder: Von der Leyen last month clearly ruled out EU money being used for border fences or walls — but the fact Michel is now reopening the debate shows it’s far from settled. Manfred Weber, the leader of the European Parliament’s EPP group, has also expressed his support for EU financing for a physical border.

History lesson: Had Michel forgotten he was speaking at an event commemorating the fall of the Berlin Wall on November 9, 1989? If so, someone coincidentally reminded him of that day’s meaning: “When the passion for walls returns to our continent … let us remember that November 9 was also the day the Berlin Wall fell. Freedom is dearly acquired, it is courageously defended,” France’s EU Affairs Minister Clément Beaune said in a tweet that was likely directed to the French right-wing opposition, but hit a nerve elsewhere.

https://www.politico.eu/newsletter/brussels-playbook/eu-vs-belarus-tariffs-on-uk-macrons-plan-for-eu-presidency/

  1. november 2021

dr.dk – kort nyt

EU er I færd med kvæle Hviderusland ved at lukke grænserne til EU, siger Rusland

Den russiske regering oplyser samtidig, at to af landets strategiske bombefly tidligere på dagen deltog i et check af det hviderussiske luftforsvarssystem.

 

Den polske premierminister, Mateusz Morawiecki anklager Putin for at være ‘hjernen’ bag migrantkrise ml. Polen og Hviderusland/Belarus

Det, som vi står over for her, det må vi sige klart: Det er en manifestation af statsterrorisme.

 

Europas Europas konservative ændrer kurs: Der skal bruges EU-penge på grænsemure og hegn

Der er ingen, der ønsker mure eller hegn. Men hvis det ikke på anden vis er muligt at beskytte vores grænser, så må vi investere i det, siger Manfred Weber, som er formand for den store kristenkonservative EPP-gruppe i Europa-Parlamentet, og tilføjer, at EU-landene “ikke må være naive”.

https://www.dr.dk/nyheder/seneste/rusland-eu-er-skyld-i-migrantstriden-ved-graensen-mellem-polen-og-hviderusland

 

Kakistocracy? Eller Ochlokrati, Pøbelvælde?

Middle Eastern refugees at EU-Poland’s border pay the inhuman price for EU’s kakistocracy and EU/NATO militarism

Men alt kører naturligvis videre:

 

  1. november 2021

På sociale medier er billederne blevet set titusindvis af gange. Men ingen ved præcis, hvad der udspiller sig på grænsen mellem Belarus og Polen. Ingen ved, hvilke billeder der er manipuleret propaganda, og hvilke billeder der er ægte. For scenerne udspiller sig ikke bare i et storpolitisk spil, hvor den belarusiske diktator Lukasjenko åbenlyst bruger flygtningene til at destabilisere EU. De udspiller sig også i den spærrezone med nødretslove, som den polske regering med resten af EU’s stiltiende samtykke har oprettet for at holde journalister og ngo’er ude.

radiokanalen Deutschlandfunk:

Ifølge Gerald Knaus, der leder tænketanken Europæisk Stabilitetsinitiativ, er Lukasjenkos mål ikke bare at destabilisere Europa, men især at få ophævet de europæiske sanktioner mod Belarus. Ud over at fordele asylansøgerne og skabe et ordnet system med retssikkerhed og transparens opfordrer Knaus derfor til, at EU soleklart skal melde ud, at Belarus kan glemme alt om, at sanktionerne ophæves.

https://www.information.dk/udland/2021/11/nye-flygtningekrise-paa-graensen-polen-velplanlagt-storm-eus-pigtraad

 

Aljazeera, video

“yes, Belarus is using the migrants against EU”

“Lukasjenko says that Poland and Lithuania played a role to smear him at the last election i Belarus – so, now is paybeck”

“Belarus wants to show the world that Poland and Lithuania ALSO are abusing human rights, as they accused Belarus of in 2020”

“Not actual hybrid warfare; images looks like real warfare.”

“Little chance of migrants being sent back, once they come into EU – maybe EU should discuss the Danish attempt to outsource asylum applications”

“A common voice is lacking in EU – difficult to discuss with “terrorists”

“Russia is gaining economically from this crisis, because Lukasjenko has to ask Russia for help during the EU sanctions”

“EU MUST differentiate between sanctions against domestic abuse and transgressions against EU borders”

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2021/11/11/poland-belarus-border-crisis-live-updates

  1. november 2021

Europe’s Strategy

European officials have repeatedly stressed, through policies aimed at would-be migrants overseas, that they have made the journey more dangerous to dissuade people from coming. When many crossed the Mediterranean in small boats, the E.U. curtailed search-and-rescue missions, restricted aid groups and even closed its ports to emergency rescue vessels.”

In Border Crisis, Europe’s Unsavory Migration Deals Come Home https://www.nytimes.com/2021/11/12/world/asia/migration-eu-poland-belarus.html?

  1. november 2021

… On Monday, Lukashenko said many of those camped out on the border with Poland would be unwilling to return to Iraq.

“We’re ready … to put them on planes that will carry them back home,” said Lukashenko in televised remarks to government officials. “But these are people who, it must be said, are very stubborn: Nobody wants to go back. And it’s clear why: they have nowhere to go back to.”

EU officials have held talks with countries in the Middle East to slow the flow of people, many from Iraq and Syria, to the border with Europe. But that will not solve the question of what to do with the thousands already trapped, in many cases denied entry to both Poland and back into Belarus.

Diplomats estimate between 10,000 and 20,000 people face increasingly harsh conditions in the border area as temperatures plummet.

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/nov/15/eu-agrees-new-sanctions-against-belarus-over-border-crisis

  1. november 2021

The plot deepens: NATO’s Jens Stoltenberg calls it “unacceptable” to use humans as leverage in a war of smearing, and Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov of Russia cals the Polish treatments of immigrants “unacceptable”, denying them entry into Poland, as Lukasjenkos regime is guiding immigrants arriving in Minsk towords the border, sometimes herding them. Som immigrants are willing to stay till the end, while the cold is getting to others, who would rather “go home” than wake up colder and colder. Presently 11 people have died. Polish police are using water cannons, so nights will likely become even colder.

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/11/16/world/europe/poland-belarus-border-crisis.html

 

 

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